Seminar in Phonology: Models of Local and Non-local Assimilation

Course description This course will examine the different approaches to phonological “action at a distance”, especially assimilation, in which the trigger segment and the affected segment are not string adjacent. The approaches include Alignment, Feature-driven markedness and its recent extensions, Agreement and Headed spans. We will discuss the different approaches to opacity and transparency or lack thereof. The empirical focus will be on harmony, and the theoretical focus will be on Headed spans. Requirements One class presentation (reading report) of a work selected from the general literature on harmony systems and their analysis. Preliminary Outline
Class 1 Typology and General Issues. 
	Archangeli, D. and D. Pulleyblank (2006). 

Class 2 A Brief overview of Optimality theory. 
	McCarthy 2002: ch.1 

Class 3 Local Assimilation: Place 
	Bakovic (2006). 

Class 4 Local Assimilation: Laryngeal Features 
	Lombardi 1999 

Class 5 Non-local assimilation: Feature driven, positional markedness. 
	Beckman, J. 1997; Zoll 1998. Akinlabi and Lee (2006) 

Class 6 Non-local assimilation: Agreement 
	Bakovic, E. 2003. 

Class 7 Non-local assimilation: Headed Spans 
	McCarthy, John 2004. 

Class 8 Neutral Segments: Transparency and Opacity 
	Hulst, H. van der and N. Smith 1986; Pulleyblank, Douglas 1996. 

Class 9 Neutral Segments: Transparency and Opacity 
	Akinlabi, Akinbiyi 2009.
 
Class 10 Class presentations/discussions 


Readings: 

Akinlabi, Akinbiyi. 1997. Kalabari Vowel Harmony. The Linguistic Review 14:97-138. 
Akinlabi, Akinbiyi. 2009. Neutral vowels in Lokaa Harmony. The Canadian Journal of Linguistics 52. 
Akinlabi, Akinbiyi and Seungun Lee 2006. Predicting Ibibio vowel distribution. The Journal of West African Languages 14:97-138. 
Archangeli, Diana and Douglas Pulleyblank 1994. Grounded Phonology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 
Archangeli, Diana and Douglas Pulleyblank. 2002. Kinande vowel harmony: domains,grounded conditions, and one-sided alignment. Phonology 19: 139-188. 
Archangeli, Diana and Doug Pulleyblank. to appear. Harmony. The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology, ed. by Paul de Lacy. Cambridge University Press (2006). 
Bakovic, Eric. 2000. Harmony, Dominance and Control. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Rutgers University, New Brunswick. 
Bakovic, Eric. 2003. Vowel Harmony and stem identity. San Diego Linguistics Papers, Issue 1. 
Bakovic, Eric. to appear. Local Assimilation and Constraint Interaction. The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology, ed. by Paul de Lacy. 
	Cambridge University Press (2006). 
Bakovic, Eric & Colin Wilson. 2000. Transparency, Strict Locality, and Targeted Constraints. In Billerey & Lillehaugen (eds.) WCCFL 19 Proceedings. 
	Somerville, MY: Cascadilla Press. 43-56. 
Beckman, Jill. 1997. Positional faithfulness, positional neutralisation and Shona vowel harmony. Phonology 14, 1-46. 
Benus, Stefan. 2005. Dynamics and Transparency in Vowel Harmony. NYU Ph.D Dissertation. 
Cole, Jennifer and Charles Kisseberth. 1994. An Optimal Domains theory of harmony. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 24, 1-13. 
Gafos, Adamantios. 1998. Eliminating long-distance spreading. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 16, 223-278. 
Hansson, Gunnar. 2001. Theoretical and Typological Issues in Consonant Harmony. Doctoral dissertation, UC, Berkeley. 
Hoberman, Robert D. 1988. Emphasis harmony in a modern Aramaic dialect. Language 64: 1-26. 
Hulst, H. van der and N. Smith. 1986. On neutral vowels. The Phonological Representation of Suprasegmentals, ed. by Bogers, K., Harry van der Hulst 
	and Maarten Mous, pp. 233-79. Dordrecht: Foris. 
Hulst, H. van der and and J. van de Weijer. 1995. Vowel Harmony. Handbook of Phonological Theory, ed. by John A. Goldsmith, pp. 495-534. Cambridge, 
	Mass.: Blackwell. 
Hyman, Larry M. 1995. Nasal consonant harmony at a distance: the case of Yaka. Studies in African Linguistics 24, 5-30. 
Hyman, Larry M. 2002. Is there a right-to-left bias in vowel harmony? Proceedings of the 9th International Phonology Meeting, Vienna. 
Krämer, Martin 2001 Vowel Harmony and Correspondence Theory, doctoral dissertation, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf. 
Lombardi, Linda. 1999. Positional faithfulness and voicing assimilation in Optimality theory. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 17, 267-302. 
McCarthy, John. 1999. Sympathy and phonological opacity. Phonology 16, 331-399. 
McCarthy, John. 2004. Headed Spans and Autosegmental Spreading. Ms. UMASS. 
McCarthy, John. 2005. Candidate Chains and Phonological Opacity. Ms. UMASS. 
Ni Chiosain, Maire and Jaye Padgett. 2001. Markedness, segment realization, and locality in spreading. In L. Lombardi, ed., Segmental phonology 
	in Optimality Theory, 118-156. CUP. 
Pulleyblank, Douglas. 1996. Neutral Vowels in Optimality Theory: A Comparison of Yoruba and Wolof. Canadian Journal of Linguistics 41, 295-347. 
Pulleyblank, Douglas. In press. Harmony drivers: no disagreement allowed. In Proceedings of the Twenty-eighth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley 
	Linguistics Society, 
Berkeley Linguistics Society, Berkeley, California, 249-267. 
Ringen, Catherine O. and Robert Vago. 1998. Hungarian vowel harmony in Optimality Theory. Phonology 15: 393-416. 
Rose, Sharon and Rachel Walker. 2004. A typology of consonant agreement as correspondence. Language 80: 475-531. 
Shaw, Patricia. 1991. Consonant harmony systems: The special status of coronal harmony. In The special status of coronals: Internal and external 
	evidence, ed. by Carole Paradis and Jean-François Prunet, pp. 125-58. San Diego: Academic Press. 
Walker, Rachel. 1998. Nasalization, Neutral Segments, and Opacity Effects. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Santa Cruz. 
Walker, Rachel. In press. Weak triggers in vowel harmony. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory. 
Zoll, Cheryl 1998. Positional Asymmetries and Licensing. ROA 282.